Freelance Writing

How many paragraphs in an essay: An easy guide

What is a paragraph?

A paragraph refers to a number of sentences in the body of an essay. It is expected that a paragraph carries a specific message or idea on the subject matter. A series of paragraphs make up a story that readers can follow.

In most subjects, essays are the most common forms of assessment that examiners use.  Professors expect students to organize their ideas in paragraphs and not point form. So, when you are writing an essay for examination, the best practice is to write paragraphs. Therefore, it is important to learn how many paragraphs that your essay should have in order to score all the points.

 An essay is usually made up of several paragraphs and there is no universal rule regarding the number of paragraphs that an essay should have. Anyway, it is vital to know how many paragraphs to put in your essay in order to avoid underwriting in your essay.

However, one thing to keep in mind when writing an essay, is that it must have at least three paragraphs that cover the introduction, body and conclusion.

The introduction paragraph starts with an interesting hook, and focuses on some brief background and what the essay will cover. When readers go through the introduction, they get a glimpse of what the essay is all about. For short essays, the introduction should end with a thesis statement summarizing the main argument.

The A-students have mastered writing a good introduction that acts as a thumbnail for your essay. When the thumbnail is done properly it attracts the attention of the readers. Reading through the introduction makes one to have an idea of what you are about to do in the essay.


The Body paragraph is where all the flesh of your essay should be put. Here, you are supposed to dive into deep points and details about your topic. The entire story should be in the body of your essay. For instance, if you are arguing about abortion, then put all your reasons to either support or oppose abortion.


The conclusion is the final paragraph of your essay. Here you are simply summarizing what you have discussed in the body of your essay and ensuring that it is tied to the thesis statement.  As you conclude your essay do not introduce new points. A tip for the conclusion is to summarize the key points then give your opinion on the topic or suggest future research.

The conclusion should be a standalone paragraph just like the introduction.  You should aim at writing at least three good sentences to conclude your essay by summarizing the key ideas. For longer essays you can write half a page as a conclusion.

There is a misconception among students that the minimum number of paragraphs in an essay should be five. I would like to disagree that such a rule may not apply in some essays especially if you’re not required to write on five main sections.

How to plan for the number of paragraphs

Whenever you are writing an essay and the instructions are silent about the number of paragraphs, the first thing to do is to apply the rule of the thumb. With this rule, it means that it may not be applicable in all essay writing situations.

Paragraphs that are well developed will earn you a good score. It is therefore vital to have all major sections of your essay in paragraphs. For example, if you have been given instructions to write a 1000 words essay, you may need to consider having at least 100 or 200 words for each major section. Keeping this in mind your essay will have 5 to 10 paragraphs.

A second method of determining the number of paragraphs in an essay is to be guided by the number of arguments. In your writing, each argument should stand alone in order to enhance clarity and flow of your paper.

As you plan your writing, you need to consider the main themes that emerge on your topic. This leads to research on the subject matter then points that need to be used to support or give evidence to the main topic. The more information you come across in research the more you’re likely to include it in the body of your essay.

For instance, when you are writing about the impact of media on young people, you may want to have strong arguments on networks such as Facebook, Youtube, Twitter and Instagram. You may therefore have a paragraph to cover each social network in order to have a more compelling argument.

Paragraphs for short essays

Short essays are essays of 100 words to 1000 words. For these essays here is a guideline on the number of paragraphs.

100 words essay write 3 paragraphs

200 words essay write 3 paragraphs

300 words essay write 3 paragraphs

400 words essay write 3 paragraphs

For a 500 words essay write 4 paragraphs

600 words essay write 4 paragraphs

700 words essay write 5 paragraphs

800 words essay write 6 paragraphs

900 words essay write 6 paragraphs

1000 words essay write 7 paragraphs

Final Thoughts

An essay that is well organized with the introduction, Body and Conclusion will be impressive to readers. Professors like students who are well organized in their writing. Remember that examiners don’t have all the time in the world to read your essay, so make a good impression by organizing your essay in paragraphs.

Essay writing can be challenging for some student especially if English is not your first language or if you have been out of school for a long time. So, many things are changing and it is vital to have someone check your essay before you submit it for marking.

You can subscribe to my email list and benefit from free proofreading and review of your essays. This will help you discover and fix some of the common mistakes that may otherwise lower your grade. For instance, if I review your essay I will help you fix the thesis statement, topic sentences and transitions to improve the flow. I can also help you eliminate passive voice and other grammar mistakes that can lower your grade.

Also, if you find value in this article, you can share with your friends and give me some feedback in the comments section.

Make Money Online

How to make $100 daily with Google Reviews

In the recent times Google launched a major feature that allows customers to express their sentiments about local businesses. What this means is that local businesses can rank fast on Google My business listings with more positive reviews.

Through this article I first define a review, then explain recent developments in Google My business and the Reviews feature. I also delve into issues of businesses ranking on Google. Finally, I will show you how you can start making money by writing reviews.

Well, let me first define a Review.  In simple terms a review is an assessment or evaluation of a product or service. Usually, customers express their sentiments about a business through written comments that can be seen on platforms such as Google my business.

In order to get on the first page of Google, businesses are therefore asking customers to write positive reviews about their experience with specific businesses. For example, If you order for a cake at a local shop in Georgia, and you are impressed with the service you can leave a positive review, and if the service was bad, you can also make a comment.

In essence reviews are now a very critical factor in ranking business on Google’s listing.  The more positive reviews you receive from customers the higher the ranking you get on Google and the more customers will visit your business. It is a simple as that.

So How can you make use of this opportunity to earn income.  Well, businesses are look for individuals or agencies who can write more real positive reviews and also counter negative reviews. This is where your writing skills are required.  Writers earn between $10 per review, and in a day if you do 10 reviews, you make a cool $100, and this can be from one client only. So, the earning potential is very high in this niche.

Personally, I charge my clients from $10 per review and I have seen them achieve significant results and they keep coming for more because it is a win-win relationship.

As a matter of fact, real reviews don’t have to be perfect and they may contain grammatical mistakes. And this makes them easier for non-experienced writers to earn as they help businesses to rank on Google.

Final thoughts, If you find value in this article, feel free to comment, ask questions and share with your friends. Also I have my own training on how to make money writing reviews. The training is detailed and includes the tricks and hacks that you can use to find clients and write reviews for their businesses.

You can contact me via email to sign up for the training and join other people making money by writing reviews.

Freelance Writing

Thesis statement meaning

What exactly is the thesis statement? When it comes to essay writing, there are several factors that examiners consider when awarding marks. One such thing is the thesis statement. The A students have mastered the art of writing good thesis statements.

The thesis phrase is essential in most academic writing.  In this article, we will look at what a thesis statement is and how to compose it by examining some examples. To acquire a better knowledge of its location, parts, and functions.

  1. Meaning of thesis statement

A thesis statement is typically made up of one or two sentences in length that encapsulates the claim or main point of an essay or research paper. It unifies the essay’s content by stating what the essay is about, which is explained, supported, and developed, in the text with evidence and examples. The thesis statement restricts the scope of the essay and communicates the writer’s viewpoint on the subject. 

  1. Parts of a thesis statement

It is generally presented in a one or two sentences, although in a longer essay, the thesis may be expressed in multiple sentences or a whole paragraph. A thesis statement is often divided into two parts: your topic and the analysis. 

(1) The restricted topic, and

(2) The writer’s analysis, explanation(s), or assertion(s) regarding the issue.

 It gives the reader a definite emphasis. It assures the reader that everything in the thesis will be explained and supported only on the given topic. It is critical that you address all of the above aspects while creating a thesis statement in order for it to be effective.

  1. Location of a thesis statement

A thesis can be found in a variety of contexts, including a lawyer’s closing argument, an advertising, and even a debate speech. However, the most typical location for a thesis statement is in an essay and that’s the reason you are reading this article, The thesis statement appears in every essay’s introductory paragraph, nearly always at the conclusion of that paragraph.

The author can also refer back to it at the conclusion of the essay. A thesis statement is required while writing a compare/contrast essay an informative or an argumentative paper. Your argument will fall flat if you don’t have a thesis, and your information will be disorganized.

  1. Function of a thesis statement

The thesis statement features an essay map by highlighting the primary topic of the essay. It demonstrate to the readers not only that the writer understands the concepts under consideration. It informs the reader the conclusion about writer’s thoughts about those concepts developed in their own unique ideas as a result of their analysis.

They are used to educate the audience about a range of topics, such as: This phrase tells the reader whether or not they should read your essay (the purpose of the essay). Moreover, the reader is given the opportunity to question the information. Another important function is that it responds to the reader’s why and how queries. A reader should be able to look at the thesis statement and disagree with it; this may motivate them to conduct their own study on the subject.

  1. Examples of thesis statements

 There are two examples of thesis statements: The type of thesis statement you pick will depend on the type of essay you are writing.

  1. Informative

An informative thesis statement will give the readers some background information on the subject.

Example: Wild foxes live in their own communities, hunt for rabbits and other animals, and raise their young.

  • Persuasive.

A persuasive thesis statement usually includes the writer’s viewpoint as well as the reasoning behind why their opinion is correct.

Example: Raising the cigarettes tax rates will harm not just the nicotine addict but also his or her family.

Conclusively, a thesis statement is made up of one or two lines and allows the author to tell the reader what the essay will be about as well as their opinion on the subject. It should be clear and succinct, and it should always relate to the essay’s body paragraphs. Sticking to the thesis statement’s “rules” will help the author to write a well-written and relevant essay.

Online Tutorials Uncategorized

How to Find low competition keywords

Hey! have you ever wondered why some people like professors have very good content, yet they never rank of Google first page? Well, there is something that they are not doing with regards to optimizing their content for the algorithm.     So, if you have been struggling to get traffic for your website or Youtube video, just stick around and get the secret that will completely change your business.

First of all let me explain why low competition keywords?

Keywords are very important in ranking because they are used by the algorithm. Your competitors have already ranked on Google with their keywords and to outdo them may be very difficult because of different factors such as their domain authority, backlinks and quality of content.

 The Google algorithm will easily notice your content, if you are among the few publishers of the content.

Have you ever wondered why some people with high quality content never get noticed on Google, while others with some crappy content rank high on the same platforms?

Well, there are some little techniques that some people are using to get their articles and videos noticed, and using low competition keywords is one of the tricks.

Ranking on the first page of Google means you will get more view, more leads and more sales. Simple.

In this video I explain a step by step method that you can use to get low competition and high volume keywords. You can use these keywords to rank your website or youtube video.

This strategy works because it is much easier to rank where the competition is low.

This strategy works if you have the correct content that is related to the keywords.

Without wasting too much time, lets dive into the tutorial.

[DISCLOSURE: This article contains affiliate links meaning that if you make a purchase, I make a small commission without any additional cost to you. Thank You]

Step 1. Create a fiverr account.

             To do this go to under google search, then type in the search area

             From the results Go to freelancing services.

            Once you are on go to the top right corner and click on join button.

           You can sign in with your facebook or Google account.

Step 2: Search for keyword research.

           In the search area type In these words “keyword research”.

           This will give you a list of freelancers who do keyword research.

           You can further optimize your search by setting the maximum budget.

           For example, set the budget to $10. You can now see only freelancers who offer keyword research at $10

Step 3: Review the profile of the selected freelancer.

To review a specific freelancer you can start with the headline.

You can then scroll down to the profile images, just to see what is being offered.

Just below the images you can read through the gig description.

Here you will be able to know what the provider will deliver and some of the tools used in the keyword research.  This is very important as you expect your research to be done with the right tools.

You can then scroll down to the seller’s profile and read important information which may include the following;

  1. Country of origin.
  2. Response time.
  3. Last delivery.
  4. Education and Experience.

Step 4: Compare the packages.

In this case you will find the freelancer has three packages

  1. Basic
  2. Standard
  3. Premium

The basic package goes for $10, Standard, $50 and Premium $250

Number of keywords.

The packages are also different based on number of keywords, for example with basic you get 15 Keywords in your niche, Standard, 35 keywords and Premium 70 keywords.

The third item to look out is Competitor analysis.

Another important aspect of the packages is the competitor analysis. For example, for the basic package you will get 2 competitors analyzed, while the standard package gives you 5 competitors analysis, and if you go for the premium, you will gain with 7 to 12 competitor’s analysis.

You should also check out the delivery time, which varies from 1 to 2 days based on the package selected.

Once you have selected your preferred package, let’s say Basic, you should then move to the next step.

Step 5: Contact the seller.

This is also a very good practice when ordering for services on fiverr.

Make use of this feature to message the seller and see if he or she is responsive.

To do this click on the “Contact Me” button on the profile.

In the resulting dialogue box, you can type in  your message.

For example type in these words“ Hey! I want keyword research for my weight loss videos. Are you available for a chat?

Ask the seller anything that you’re not sure about.

You can attach files if you have any.

After typing your message hit the send button.

When the seller gets your message, he will reply to you and you can discuss anything relating to the keyword research.

Just ensure that you are satisfied with the replies you get from the seller.

Step 6: Complete payment.

After selecting your package you can proceed with payment.

For instance, If I have selected Basic plan, I will click on “Continue ($5).

This will lead you to the checkout page where you will find the payment options.

The good thing about fiverr is that you can pay for the service using various methods including:

  1. Paypal
  2. Visa card
  3. Mastercard
  4. Other credit cards

Note that once you make the payment, the money is not released immediately to the seller.

Fiverr holds the money until the seller delivers the work and you approve that it is satisfactory.

This guarantees you that your money is safe until your work is delivered and to your satisfaction.

Step 7: Receive your order.

After placing your order it is good to keep checking for any communication from the seller through

For example, the seller may require clarification or additional information from you.

The seller may also need some time extension to complete the work.

So, once you have placed your order, it is a good thing just to keep checking messages and notifications

You can get a message from the seller on the progress.

Be checking for messages in your inbox.

Once the seller completes the order, you will get a notification so that you check it out and approve it.

The completed work is usually in form of a downloadable draft.

After checking and being satisfied with the delivery, you then approve the work

Lastly, always leave a review based on the work received.

If you like it you may also give a tip.

Final Thoughts

Finding a good keyword researcher needs time to do all the activities as explained. There are also fake reviews on fiverr, so just be careful and do due diligence before making a purchase. If you want a personal recommendation you can reach out to me and I will help you manage your keyword research process and content creation.


How to write an essay and score an A

The best essays that have been written by students who score A s in top universities such as Harvard and Stanford are properly structured. The high achievers have mastered the skill of structuring the essay and delivering all the examiners want.

I will therefore discuss the three most important sections that form a well-structured essay that will give you an A.  The three main parts are introduction, Body and Conclusion. If done properly, these sections will guide you to produce an A type essay.


The introduction comes first in your essay and it gives the examiner the first impression of your essay.  So, seize the moment in the introduction, grab the attention of the examiner to ensure that there is a desire to read deeper into your essay. In the introduction define concepts that are important in your argument.  For example, if you are writing a paper on the effects of social media, your introduction should define concepts such as social media, social networking sites and other related terms.  After defining the main concepts, the next important thing is to outline what your essay is going to cover. This tells the examiner that you know want you are writing about and there is no beating around the bush with irrelevant information.

A good introduction should end with a thesis statement, which is a brief summary of the main argument that you present in your essay. This can be achieved in 1, 2 or 3 sentences.

Main Body

The main body can be a big challenge to some students especially those who may end up overlooking the bigger picture of an essay. You should try and remain focused on the main idea and not get lost into the nitty-gritty.

The best practice for the main body is to choose 3 key points that you will discuss.  Just focus on bringing out the best in the 3 chosen main points.  This means that your main body should have at least three body paragraphs.  The first sentence of each body paragraph is the topic sentence and it should convey the key point of that paragraph.

The next sentence should provide the evidence that you have found to back that point. This can be followed with examples that help to illustrate the evidence. You can also critically analyze the evidence that you have used. Is it valid or accurate? Your last sentence of the paragraph should relate back to the main question.


The conclusion forms the final section of your essay. In the conclusion, you should summarize your whole argument and bring it to a good end and show your verdict. Essentially, a conclusion is a grown up version of your introduction. Try and give a mature and well-rounded response to the main question. A fantastic end to an essay will demonstrate to the examiner that you have a good mastery of the information that you presented in the body. This will earn you more points.

If you enjoy reading this article, you can share. A more detailed ebook on how to write different essays is available at only $10 send an email to to purchase.

Online Tutorials

How to win scholarships

In this infographic I explain five steps that you can take to apply and win scholarships to study in the United States, Canada or any other developed country. Every year thousands of organizations are giving free money to students to who want to study and achieve their dreams. Make use of this money and stay free from student debt.

If you like the information in this infographic, give me a comment and share with your friends. You can also have access to a full eBook guide at $5 only. Students are using the tricks in the book and winning scholarships in developed countries. Email me:

Make Money Online

How to make $10000 a month with ebooks

Self-publishing eBooks and selling them is a very lucrative way of making money online. If you are a student, stay at home mom and you are struggling with paying your tuition, then this is a good side hustle to consider. To write and self-publish an e-book is not a big problem as some beginners may think.

Step 1

Choose a topic

Choosing a topic for an ebook is now quite easy with online research tools.  One technique writers are using is to use keyword research tools like Google keyword planner that will reveal what people are searching on Google. To choose a good topic go for topics that are trending and have high monthly volume searches. If you choose such topics you will be assured of making good sales once your book is published.

Step 2

Have your e-book written by a freelancer.  It is now much easier to write eBooks that ever before with freelance ghost writing services. On a website like Fiverr you will find thousands of ghostwriters who are ready to write your ebook. You will spend between $50-$500 depending on the number of pages you want. My advise is go for few pages, readers nowadays are more interested in quality than quantity. If you can package your information well in a short ebook, you will be more attractive to the readers.

Step 3

Create a catchy book cover

This is an important trick to sell any book. Readers are always attracted to the book based on the title and the cover.  Even before they get into the content, create a powerful cover that will grab attention and make the readers to buy your book.

Step 4

Build an email list and start selling your –ebook directly. Direct selling of your ebook to your list will give you all the money as you wait for passive income from royalties when you start selling on Amazon or ebay.  Building an email list is also much easier with social media and forums such as quora or reddit where you simply answer questions and start collecting emails. Facebook groups are effective for building an email list.

So if you have an email list of 5000 people  and you market the ebook to them , not everyone will buy, but if 2000 people buy your ebook, you will make $10,000, which is good money that can pay accommodation and even tuition for a college student.  

If you like this article, please share with your friends and let’s help more students to start making money with ebooks.



Plagiarism is a serious issue in academic writings. One of the obvious causes of plagiarism is copy pasting information and claiming that it is yours. Students are often tempted to copy and paste passages obtained from online sources because they don’t know the gravity of such a mistake.

For a student to submit plagiarized work, the risk is getting a zero or F grade, and this is so painful, yet it is something that could have been prevented. If you are writing for a content mill or freelance writing account and you plagiarize any of your paper you will be penalized heavily and this will lead to termination of your account and loss of income. So, it is vital to learn plagiarism and avoid it all the time in your writing.


It is therefore paramount to avoid plagiarism at all cost because it is now easier for instructors and professors to detect plagiarism using softwares such as turnitin.

How to avoid plagiarism

Step 1

As you write your essays or research papers, the first step to prevent plagiarism is to always paraphrase your passages. A complete paraphrase when scanned through a plagiarism detection software will not show a high similarity index with passages that are online.

Step 2

Cite every paragraph that you write. Just ensure that you have provided the authors name at the end of the paragraph or at the beginning of the paragraph.

Step 3.

Avoid using direct quotes in your writing. Using direct quotes in your writing increases the similarity index when your papers are scanned through turn it in. So, just avoid them unless the instructor has recommended that you use some direct quotes in your writing.

Step 4

Scan your work through a plagiarism detection software. There are so many free online tools that you can use to scan your papers to ensure that they are plagiarism free. To get free tools try and search on google for free plagiarism detection softwares and make use of them before you submit your work.

You can also use Turnitin Software, which is a great tool that is used by institutions across the globe to scan and detect plagiarism.

Note: A word of caution, if you are scanning a document on behalf of a student, ensure that you delete the copy after scanning, otherwise it will result in 100% plagiarism if the document is retained on the website.

Online Tutorials

Animated video explainers

If you are looking for ways to cut down on costs of marketing your business, then you need to look at a website called This website has thousands of highly trained and talented freelancers who can do work at extremely low cost, and this is saving businesses a lot of money that would be otherwise spent paying professionals in developed countries.


Steps 1: Create an Account on

To create an account on Fiverr, simply search for using google search and move to the first website, which is the homepage. On the right top corner there is a join button. Click on the join button , and you will be able to join for free using either your Facebook Account, Google, or Apple account.

Step 2: Search for Animated Video Explainer

Once you are inside the website you will be able to see thousands of freelancers who have registered and are looking for work from employers. So, to find freelancers who are producing animated video explainers, you will enter the key words “animated video explainer in the search box” and hit enter.  The search results will give you a list of hundreds of professionals who are making animated video explainers. You will be able to see that the professionals are from different countries and they charge from $5 for a video explainer.

Step3: Check and compare Freelancers based on price, Reviews and Delivery Time

In order to choose a good provider on first look at the price displayed on the profile. For example, if your budget is $30 you can click on one of the providers with that price.

The next thing to look at when evaluating a freelancer is the number of reviews that have been posted on the profile. Positive reviews are a good indication that the provider has definitely worked with other employers and is therefore able to meet your expectations.  You can sample some of the feedback messages under review and see what other buyers said about the provider and where they came from. This should give you more confident that you are going to get high quality videos for your business.

This is also the time to check the time the freelancer takes to deliver the animated video explainer. The delivery time of the video explainer may be anything from 1 day to 5 days depending on the length of the video and additional features.

If you want the freelancer on to expedite your work then you will have to pay an extra fee and you will have your video faster than stated on the profile.

Step 4: Choose one Freelancer and contact him/her

Once you are satisfied with the information about the price, reviews and delivery time. You can now choose any of the packages that the freelancer has displayed on the profile. In most cases freelancers on have three types, starter, standard and premium.

You can contact the seller by sending a message in the text box and you can inquire about specific requirements for your video.

This will also allow you to give the seller more documents and materials that are useful in making the video. For instance, if you have specific images, voices and other personal information that you want to include in the video, then this is the area you will submit such information.

Step 5: Complete the Payment

After selecting the package on the seller’s profile you will hit the green “continue” button, which will take you to the checkout page. This is where you will choose the payment method you would prefer to use. Fiverr allows visa, paypal, mastercard and other credit cards.  Once you make the payment, the money will be held by Fiverr until the freelancer completes the work and you are satisfied with the work. This is a good guarantee that you will have a look at the finished video and stamp your approval before the freelancer is paid.

Step 6: Keep Checking for Updates from the Freelancer

After completing the payment, don’t forget about your order. The best thing is to keep checking for any updates from the seller on For instance, the seller may need additional information or clarification from you, so just keep checking your inbox for new messages.

Step 7: Check the Draft Video explainer

Upon completion of the order, you will receive a notification from fiverr that your order has been delivered. You can now relax a bit and go and check what has been produced by the freelancer. Take time and review the video to ensure that it fits your requirements and expectation. If there is any issue please contact the seller and ask for a revision of the work.

Step 8:  Download the Fine copy of the Video explainer

Take more time and check the revised video. If you are satisfied with the work, then wow!  Download the video, which will be in an mp4 format and you can save it on your device. The animated video can now be uploaded on your youtube channel and used for advertising your products or services.  With such a video, you can get thousands of views on youtube and this will translate into more leads and sales depending on the offer you present to the customers.

Additional Tips

For business owners who are unable to write scripts for their videos, I can provide the service at a small fee to ensure that you have a good video to promote your business. I have good experience with advertising and human psychology and this will make your video to be of great impact to the customers.

I also provide Google ads management services to small and medium size businesses. You don’t have to go through the processes of creating campaigns and optimizing them to save of costs. There are experts who are so good at this service and they will ensure that your marketing strategy succeeds within your budget.

Freelance Writing

Referencing articles in APA format

In conducting research paraphrasing and direct quotes should have citations of the sources of information. This is important to avoid plagiarism.  Above all, for a citation to be complete, it must have the in text citation and the corresponding reference listing at the end of the paper.

For starters, the two commonly used citation styles are APA and MLA. In addition, other referencing styles include Chicago and Harvard.

APA Style

First, it is important to know that the APA citation style is widely recommended by academic and research institutions. Students, and professionals use APA style in their writings. So, it is vital to learn the important elements of the APA style. According to the APA style 7th Edition, you need to observe the following elements when preparing a paper in APA Style.

  1. Cover Page
  2. Abstract
  3. Formatting
  4. In- text Citations
  5. Reference List

The cover page should have the following;

  1. Title of the Paper
  2. Name of Student
  3. Name of Institution and Department


Abstract is a brief summary of the paper. You may need this for long papers of 5 pages and more, but for short papers, you don’t need to write an abstract.

Running Head:

An APA Student paper requires a running head, which is the summarized title of the paper in caps. The running head should appear in the page header and should be aligned to the left.

Formatting Headings and Subheadings

First level headings like Abstract, Introduction and Conclusion should be aligned at the center

Second level and third level headings should be flushed to the far left of the page.

In-text Citations

Most importantly, APA in-text citations comprise of the authors last name and the year of publication. For example, if the Authors last name is Obama, then the in text citation should be (Obama, 2020).

Two ways of doing in-text citations

Parenthetical citation example (Obama, 2020).

Narrative citation, example. According to Obama (2020),

Reference List

The reference list appears at the end of an APA paper.  This listing includes all the important information of the reference including the information of the author, the date of the publication, the title and the source.

The entries for the reference list should start with the authors Surname, Initials, (Date). Title of the work, City of Publisher and Name of Publisher

See the sample below

MLA Style

MLA is the most common style that is recommended in languages, social studies and other humanities. For instance, students studying English composition and Communication courses in the United States are required MLA style when processing their essays.

The basic elements of an MLA format include:

The first page

In –text citations

Works Cited

The first page

Do not include a cover page when processing an MLA paper, unless the instructor has asked for it.

Details about the student, subject, instructor and the Date of submission of the assignment should appear in the left corner and should be double spaced;

The order of appearance should be;

Name of Student:




The title of the essay should appear below these details and make sure that it is centered.

In text Citations

Most importantly, in text citations in MLA should comprise of the author’s last name and the page number. To achieve this, use parenthesis or narrative form. For instance, (Obama 30). Or say According to Obama (30),…..

Works Cited

In brief, after doing the in-text citations, subsequently make a corresponding entry of the full reference under a list Titled “ Works Cited”, for instance.

In short, each reference entry should start with the Authors Surname, other name, and then title of the work in quotes then the Publication and the Date of publication at the end.

See the Sample